Category Archives: Backyard Composting

All You Need to Know to Create Compost


In continuation of yesterday’s blog post, as families become more environmentally conscious, many are choosing to produce some of their food supply in backyard gardens and composting is an important part of this process. Nutrient rich compost turns food scraps, leaves, lawn clippings, paper and many other household waste products into humus that boosts soil fertility and adds many beneficial organisms. Creating a compost pile is easy and managing it takes only a few minutes per week, yet it will provide you with a constant supply of soil nutrition for all types of gardening.

Mopfrog of Danbury breaks down how mix yard and household organic matter to create a bin, as well as the conditions that encourage decomposition.

Starting a Compost Pile 

Compost piles are created using four essential components:

  • Brown matter (carbon) – such as fallen leaves, straw or shredded paper
  • Green matter (nitrogen) – such as table scraps, fruit and vegetable rinds or peels, grass clippings or clover
  • Water (hydrogen) – in the form of rain or water from the hose to help the materials decompose
  • Time – necessary for each additive to break down and blend with the other ingredients


While you can purchase composting barrels and containers, the best location for composting is a spot of bare ground in an unused corner of your yard or garden. Worms and organisms in the soil below the compost pile will happily work among the ingredients you add, helping to aerate the compost and make it break down faster.

Starting the Pile

Begin the compost pile with a layer of dry carbon matter, such as dead leaves, twigs or straw, to ensure good drainage and aeration of the pile. Then, continue to add alternating layers of manure, food scraps, coffee grounds, grass clippings, wood ashes, sawdust, weeds or twigs.  Water the pile thoroughly and cover it with recycled plastic sheeting to hold the moisture in and create a heating effect.

Uncover the pile and turn it every few weeks and water as needed before recovering. Once the composting process has turned the layers into rich, dark humus, you can begin to introduce new materials to the pile, such as daily food scraps, lawn clippings, newspapers and other waste items.

Composting No-Nos

To avoid attracting pests, do not add meats, bones or fish scraps to your compost pile. Likewise, never add diseased plants or invasive weeds to the pile, so that you do not risk spreading the disease or encouraging more of the invasive plants to grow. Also, refrain from adding oils, black walnut hulls, pet waste, used kitty litter, dairy products and any ingredients that might contain pesticides to avoid contamination of the compost.

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Maintain your Summer Garden with Compost


One of the best ways to achieve your goal of living a truly greener and more environmentally friendly lifestyle has to do with switching to composting. Composting is simply described as the act of taking a variety of organic materials and waste from your home and allowing it to naturally break down. Mopfrog of Atlantic City believes that composting has a wide variety of different benefits that can’t be ignored.

Composting helps to enrich the soil in and around your yard. Composting appropriate materials – both carbon and nitrogen – will encourage the growth of certain types of bacteria, fungi and other organisms that will break down organic matter and ward off plant disease. This creates a nutrient rich material that will not only increase the overall level of nutrients in your soil, but will also help that soil retain moisture. As a result, composting is a natural alternative for your yard and your garden than using chemical fertilizers.

Another major benefit of composting at home is that it can significantly help prevent pollution. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, food scrapes and yard waste make up 20-30 percent of our trash. So long as you’re making an effort to compost the right types of organic materials on a regular basis, those same materials won’t end up in landfills. This has a huge number of different benefits for the environment in general, like the fact that scientists have proven that composting dramatically reduces things like erosion and silting.

In addition to recycling organic materials back into the soil and protecting the planet, composting can save you a significant amount of money over time. The act mainly accomplishes this by reducing the need to water your lawn. If your soil is retaining more water, there is no need to water it quite as much. Also, composting saves you money on expensive store-bought fertilizers, pesticides and mulch. Overall, your backyard composting will keep your soil and plants healthier all summer long, and without spending nearly as much as your neighbors who are practicing more traditional methods.

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